Identificación de las prioridades de conservación de la biodiversidad marina y costera en Costa Rica

 

Authors
José Alvarado, Juan; Herrera, Bernal; Corrales, Lenin; Asch, Jenny; Paaby, Pía
Format
Article
Status
publishedVersion
Description

Costa Rica is recognized as one of the most diverse countries in species and ecosystems, in their terrestrial realm as well as in the marine. Besides this relevance, the country presents a delay on conservation and management of marine and coastal biodiversity, with respect to terrestrial. For 2006, the marine protected surface was 5 208.8km2, with 331.5km of coastline, in 20 protected areas. The country has made progress on the conservation priority sites identification for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity, with few efforts on marine planning. This research presents the analysis and results of the gap identification process, for marine and coastal biodiversity conservation in the protected areas system of Costa Rica. The analysis was built with the spatial information available on the presence and distribution of coastal and marine biodiversity, the establishment of the conservation goals and a threat analysis over the ecological integrity of this biodiversity. The selection of high-priority sites was carried out using spatial optimization techniques and the superposition over the current shape of marine protected areas, in order to identify representation gaps. A total of 19 076km2 of conservation gaps were indentified, with 1 323km2 in the Caribbean and 17 753km2 in the Pacific. Recommendations are aimed at planning and strengthening the marine protected areas system, using the gaps identified as a framework. It is expected that the results of this study would be the scientific base needed for planning and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in the country.

Publication Year
2010
Language
Español
Topic
conservation priority sites
conservation gaps
marine protected areas
marine conservation
conservation objects
sitios prioritarios de conservación
vacíos y omisiones en conservación
áreas marinas protegidas
conservación marina
objetos de conservación
Fuente
Portal de Revistas UCR
Get full text
https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/3143
Derechos
openAccess
Licencia