Monitoring species of mammals using track collection by rangers in the Tilarán mountain range, Costa Rica

 

Authors
Arévalo, J. Edgardo; Méndez, Yoryineth; Vargas, Sergio
Format
Article
Status
publishedVersion
Description

Although monitoring of animal populations for informed decision making is fundamental for the conservation and management of biodiversity, monitoring programs are not widely implemented. In addition, monitoring plans often represent an economic burden for many conservation organizations. Here we report on the monitoring of five focal species of mammals in the Tilarán mountain range, Costa Rica. We used a participatory approach in which trained rangers of four institutions conducted trail surveys in an area of ca 50,000ha to determine the presence/absence of the paca (Cuniculus paca), collared peccary (Pecari tajacu), tapir (Tapirus bairdii), jaguar (Panthera onca) and puma (Puma concolor) using track collections. Permanent transects of 3 km were sampled on the same day every month in 2000-01 (141 km) and 2009-10 (303 km). Four of the five focal species were registered in our sampling. One of the most valuable outcomes of the study was the initiative of the rangers to train community members to participate in the monitoring plan. We believe that this participatory approach not only has great potential for the integration of rangers in long term monitoring, but also the incorporation of citizen science-based programs. Multi-institutional collaboration for species monitoring could reduce costs and increase the sampling effort.
A pesar de que el monitoreo de poblaciones animales para la toma de decisiones es fundamental para la conservación, los planes de monitoreo no son ampliamente implementados. Además, los planes de monitoreo a menudo representan una carga económica para muchas organizaciones. Este estudio presenta resultados del monitoreo de cinco especies de mamíferos de la Cordillera de Tilarán, Costa Rica. Guardabosques de cuatro instituciones realizaron muestreos de senderos en un área de aproximadamente 50.000 hectáreas para determinar la presencia/ausencia de tepezcuintle (Cuniculus paca), sahino (Pecari tajacu), tapir (Tapirus bairdii), jaguar (Panthera onca) y puma (Puma concolor) mediante la búsqueda de huellas. Usamos transectos permanentes de 3 kilómetros en 2000-01 y 2009-10. Cuatro de las cinco especies focales se registraron en nuestro muestreo. Creemos que este enfoque participativo no sólo tiene un gran potencial para la integración de los guardabosques en el monitoreo a largo plazo, sino también la incorporación de programas de ciencia-ciudadana.

Publication Year
2015
Language
eng
Topic
Citizen-science, Cuniculus paca, endangered species, environmental education, Monteverde, Panthera onca, reserve management.
Ciencia-ciudadana, Cuniculus paca, especies amenazadas, educación ambiental, Manejo de reservas, Monteverde, Panthera onca.
Fuente
Portal de Revistas UNED
Get full text
https://investiga.uned.ac.cr/revistas/index.php/cuadernos/article/view/1151
Derechos
openAccess
Licencia