Phylogenetic and Functional Diversity of Saprolegniales and Fungi Isolated from Temperate Lakes in Northeast Germany

 

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Bibliographic Details
Authors: Masigol, Hossein, Woodhouse, Jason Nicholas, van West, Pieter, Mostowfizadeh Ghalamfarsa, Reza, Rojas Jiménez, Keilor Osvaldo, Goldhammer, Tobias, Khodaparast, Seyed Akbar, Grossart, Hans-Peter
Format: artículo original
Publication Date:2021
Description:The contribution of fungi to the degradation of plant litter and transformation of dissolved organic matter (humic substances, in particular) in freshwater ecosystems has received increasing attention recently. However, the role of Saprolegniales as one of the most common eukaryotic organisms is rarely studied. In this study, we isolated and phylogenetically placed 51 fungal and 62 Saprolegniales strains from 12 German lakes. We studied the cellulo-, lignino-, and chitinolytic activity of the strains using plate assays. Furthermore, we determined the capacity of 10 selected strains to utilize 95 different labile compounds, using Biolog FF MicroPlates™. Finally, the ability of three selected strains to utilize maltose and degrade/produce humic substances was measured. Cladosporium and Penicillium were amongst the most prevalent fungal strains, while Saprolegnia, Achlya, and Leptolegnia were the most frequent Saprolegniales strains. Although the isolated strains assigned to genera were phylogenetically similar, their enzymatic activity and physiological profiling were quite diverse. Our results indicate that Saprolegniales, in contrast to fungi, lack ligninolytic activity and are not involved in the production/transformation of humic substances. We hypothesize that Saprolegniales and fungi might have complementary roles in interacting with dissolved organic matter, which has ecological implications for carbon cycling in freshwater ecosystems.
Country:Kérwá
Institution:Universidad de Costa Rica
Repositorio:Kérwá
Language:Inglés
OAI Identifier:oai:https://www.kerwa.ucr.ac.cr:10669/87221
Online Access:https://www.mdpi.com/2309-608X/7/11/968
https://hdl.handle.net/10669/87221
Access Level:acceso abierto
Keyword:Freshwater ecosystems
Aquatic carbon cycling
Plant litter degradation
Humic substances production
Saprolegnia
Achlya
Leptolegnia
Cladosporium
Penicillium