Analysis of overweight and obesity, levels of physical activity and self-esteem in childhood of the II school cycle of the central canton of Heredia, Costa Rica.


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Bibliographic Details
Authors: Herrera-Monge, María Fernanda, Álvarez Bogantes, Carlos, Sánchez Ureña, Braulio, Herrera-González, Emmanuel, Villalobos Víquez, Grettel, Vargas Tenorio, Jennifer
Format: artículo original
Status:Versión publicada
Publication Date:2019
Description:Objetive: analyze the prevalence of overweight and obesity, the level of physical activity and self-esteem of the school population of fourth, fifth and sixth grades of the Central District of Heredia. Method: The descriptive-comparative and transversal study analyzed 442 children, 234 boys and 208 girls between 9 and 13 years old. It was measured the weight and height to calculate the body mass index, the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C) and Lawrence's Self-Esteem Questionnaire (LAWSEQ). Results: the results suggest 20.6 % of infants with overweight and 13.6 % with obesity, 29.4 % indicated a low level of physical activity and 26.7 % with low self-esteem. In addition, boys report a higher level of physical activity compared to girls (F (9) =2.55; p=0.007). Conclusions: According to the objective, the prevalence of overweight and obesity in girls and boys was 34.2 %, 30 % presented high levels of sedentary lifestyle and 27 % low self-esteem. These information indicate the importance of generating intervention options is demonstrated in the different levels of education with the aim of palliate the results of this research, working as a team with government organization in the country.
Country:Portal de Revistas UCR
Institution:Universidad de Costa Rica
Repositorio:Portal de Revistas UCR
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Access Level:acceso abierto
Keyword:Child's Health
body weight
human movement
salud infantil
peso corporal
movimiento físico