Physical-mechanical properties of CLT Cross Laminated Timber manufactured with Tectona grandis and Gmelina arborea from Costa Rican forest plantations


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Bibliographic Details
Authors: Sánchez-Machado, José David, Muñoz-Acosta, Freddy, Moya, Roger, Tenorio, Carolina
Format: artículo original
Status:Versión publicada
Publication Date:2022
Description:Physical-mechanical properties of three-layer counter-laminated boards (CLT) were determined, made with Tectona grandis and Gmelina arborea wood, from forest plantations. Two types of adhesive were used, isocyanate polymer emulsion (EPI) and pre-catalyzed vinyl acetate modified with 3% nanoclay (PVA-na). They applied two treatments to activate the adhesion surface: sanding and impregnation with acetone. The results showed that, by applying both adhesives (EPI and PVA-na) and both surface activation treatments (sanding and acetone), the CLT board with T. grandis obtained better mechanical performance (dynamic elastic modulus, shear stress, and parallel compression) and density than the CLT board with G. arborea wood. Regarding moisture absorption and moisture content between the CLT boards, no statistically significant difference was obtained. CLT boards built with both species comply with the mechanical properties (shear stress and parallel compression) and density established by the international standard ANSI / APA PRG 320 CLT.
Institution:Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica
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